Vitex negundo, from which Nirgundi Essential Oil is distilled is also commonly known as Chinese Chastetree, Five -Leaved Chaste Tree, or Horseshoe Vitex.
It is a large aromatic shrub with densely whitish, branchlets and frequently used in folk medicine, particularly in South and Southeast Asia.
It is a small shrub or tree which grows between 2 and 8 metres in height. The bark is reddish brown. The leaf edges are toothed or serrated and the bottom surface is covered in hair and the numerous white or blue flowers are borne in panicles 10 to 20 cm in length.
The fruit is a succulent drupe, 4 mm in diameter, rounded to egg-shaped. It is black or purple when ripe.
It is commonly found near water and disturbed land and is indigenous to Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Kenya, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, and Vietnam
Reported Attributes of Nirgundi Essential Oil:-
It is considered to be anti bacterial, anti microbial and anti fungal and is used in India to relieve minor discomfort and pain.
Almost all of its parts are used in Ayurvedic and Unani systems of medicine, the extracts from its leaves and roots are the most important in the field of medicine and drug. The leaves and seeds are widely used externally for rheumatism and inflammations of joints and are also reported to have insecticidal properties.
Major Constituents of Nirgundi Essential Oil:
The major compounds are sabinene (20.3%), β-caryophyllene (14.1%) and globulol (19.2%). percentages are approximate
This product is the essential oil of the plant steam distilled form the leaves and flowers. It is NOT the cold pressed oil from the fruit.