Ruscus aculeatus from which Butcher’s Broom Powder is obtained is also known as Kneeholy, Kneeholly, Kneeholm, Jew’s Myrtle, Sweet Broom, Pettgree, Hares Apple and Le Fragon (which literally means the Butcher)
Medicinal Uses of Butcher’s Broom:-
It is an aromatic, diuretic, mildly laxative herb that reduces inflammation, increases perspiration, and constricts the veins. The herb stimulates the a-adrenergic receptors of the smooth muscle cells in the vascular wall and in doing so supports and strengthens the dilated venous vessels.
Butcher’s broom is used internally to treat venous (vein and capillary) problems, which vary from varicose veins to haemorrhoids, or in any other cases where the veins and capillaries need strengthening. Traditionally it is also used as a mild laxative and a diuretic, which would explain its use for jaundice, gout, as well as kidney and bladder stones.
Externally Butchers Broom is used for all cases of venous insufficiency, but it is often included in preparations to help with the symptomatic relief of haemorrhoids, to relieve itching, swelling, pain and a feeling of heaviness. Ruscogenine is a powerful venous vasoconstrictor.
It is also useful for facial and skin care products and cosmetics to be applied to the eye surround or in stretch mark eradicators and anticellulite products.
Constituents of Butcher’s Broom:-
It contains steroidal saponins with the main compounds being ruscin (monodesmosidic spirostane type), ruscoside (bidesmosdic furostane type) with the corresponding aglycones (ruscogenin and neoruscogenin).
Not to be taken internally if suffering from high blood pressure.